Your view of Time influences every choice you make, whether you go to gym, whether you wait until the last minute to start a project.
So it’s important to know your Time perspective.
The Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory created by Philip G. Zimbardo, a psychology professor (now emeritus) at Stanford most famous for the Stanford Prison Experiment measures a person’s relationship with time on 5 axes:
- Future orientation
- Past-negative orientation
- Past-positive orientation
- Present-hedonistic orientation
- Present-fatalistic orientation
1. Future orientation
The future-oriented person cares more about the consequences of their actions than their comfort in the present.
They have trouble enjoying the present moment and in unpredictable situations, they struggle with anxiety.
2. Past-negative orientation
A negative past orientation means someone prone to dwelling on past problems even in pleasant moments.
3. Past-positive orientation
A positive past orientation means someone frequently nostalgic for past glory days.
4. Present-hedonistic orientation
Someone with a present-hedonistic orientation focus on present pleasures over future consequences.
They would rather enjoy the moment than work hard, though they can be hyper-focused workers when they enjoy the process of the work.
5. Present-fatalistic orientation
A present-fatalistic orientation means, feeling that your life is controlled by forces beyond your control.
This could be God, or any higher power.
The person with this orientation believes in luck, but rarely makes plans or works hard. They believe, Why bother? What will be – will be.
Find out your own time perspective:
You can take the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory via THIS QUIZ.
It’s made up of a series of statements like “Things rarely work out as I expected” or “Life today is too complicated; I would prefer the simpler life of the past.”
You respond to each one on a five-item Likert scale, which ranges from “Very untrue” to “Very true.”
When you reach the results page, you’ll find your scores on the five dimensions of time perspective.
You can take the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory via THIS QUIZ. When you reach the results page, you’ll find your scores on the five dimensions of time perspective.
The orientations where you score highest are the ones that dominate your perspective.
According to Zimbardo and his colleague, John N. Boyd, the best time perspective is high future and present-hedonistic orientations.
Because, they ensure you enjoy the present moment while behaving responsibly.
Here’s my results: Out of 5
What’s your time perspective? Let me know in the comments below. And share this post to let others find out their time perspective.